Mental Disorders | Psychiatry

Managing Mental Disorders

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Managing Mental Disorders

Mental disorders pose one of the biggest health challenges today. One out of five suffers from mental disorders. The trend is rising. The common causes, apart from biological causes, are setbacks in life, grief, poor coping skills, faulty upbringing, high pace & high demands of modern life, complex social structure, rapidly changing human values, lack of role models, poor support system, influence of media etc.

There are many different categories of mental disorder, and many different facets of human behavior and personality that can become disordered. The causes of mental disorders are generally complex and vary depending on the particular disorder and the individual. Although the causes of some mental disorders are unknown, it has been found that different Biological, Psychological, and Environmental Factors can all contribute to the development of mental disorders. Most mental disorders are a result of a combination of several different factors rather than just a single factor. Till now mental illness such as depression and schizophrenia was believed to be caused by problematic relationships between children and their parents but more recent view is that mental  disorders tend to result from genetic dispositions and environmental stressors,

Brain Being AlteredOur society is changing fast and the demands are challenging. These demands call for in-depth acceptance and constant adjustments. Modes of communication are rising but true communication is lacking. More and more people feel misunderstood, alone and unwanted. Emotions are unsatisfied and mind management skills are lacking. Everything happening at personal, social, professional or day to day life has profound psychological impact. Job stress and poor interpersonal skills at both social and family level are showing its effect on mental level.

This affects people’s ability to think, feel, act in effective manner. This affects the happiness and progress in life, so psychological complaints are rising alarmingly. And to add to these factors now a day there are many new diseases coming up in body. Body resistance power is diminished. The world needs a healing system, which has safe and effective treatment for such complaints. The answer lies in homeopathy. It is the most safe and effective treatment method of psychological, psycho somatic and psychosexual complaints. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two treatment options mostly resorted to but they alone cannot give full and complete cure.  

There are no medical or scientific tests that can prove mental disorders are medical conditions.  Psychiatric diagnosis is based solely on opinion.  People experience depression, anxiety and sadness, some people can become irrational and/or psychotic but this doesn’t make them ‘diseased’

There are no genetic tests, no brain scans, blood tests, chemical imbalance tests or X-rays that can scientifically/medically prove any mental disorder is a medical condition. 

Different Mental Disorder

DIFFERENT MENTAL DISORDERBi-Polar, Schizophrenia, ADHD, Social Anxiety Disorder, Depression – these are all psychiatric labels. People are being labeled based not on medical tests, only on psychiatric opinion. These labels are problematic for numerous reasons. The first of which is that these labels become part of their permanent medical records and for many many years they are treated on these lines only

Common disorder include:

  • Specific phobias
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Panic disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Mood disorder
  • Major depression
  • Bipolar disorder

Disorders of belief and perception of reality can also become mental disorder e.g., delusions, thought disorder, hallucinations. Schizophrenia and delusional disorder are called psychotic disorders. 

Eating disorders involve disproportionate eating (obesity), Sleep disorders, Sexual disorders may be are considered mental disorders.

People who are abnormally unable to resist certain urges or impulses that could be harmful are also mental disorder. The use of drugs- drug additions - (legal or illegal, including alcohol), when it persists despite significant problems is also a mental disorder.

People who suffer severe disturbances of their self-identity, memory and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings is called having a dissociative identity disorder.

A range of developmental disorders that initially occur in childhood, and continue into adulthood are called dissocial personality disorder.

Premenstrual syndromes also come under mental disorder.

Some mental disorders can also have above-average creativity, meticulousness, or empathy. Some of the genius in history had mental disorders.

Causes

There are a number of theories or models seeking to explain the causes (etiology) of mental disorders.

Mental disorders can arise from multiple sources, and in many cases there is no single cause. It incorporates biological, psychological and social factors.

The most common view is that disorders tend to result from genetic dispositions and environmental stressors, combining to cause patterns of distress or dysfunction or, more sharply, trigger disorders

Biological psychiatry mentions mental disorders are disorders of brain circuits likely to be caused by developmental processes and a complex interplay of genetics. A common assumption is that disorders may have resulted from genetic and developmental disharmony, exposed by stress in development. Many types of mental disorder are now viewed as primarily neuro-development disorders.

Social disorder and disability also play a part. Many factors like abuse, neglect, bullying, social stress, other negative or overwhelming life experiences etc… can cause mental disorders.

Some chronic general medical conditions and poorer general health has been found among individuals with severe mental illnesses.

 Abnormal functioning of neurotransmitter like serotonin, nor-epinephrine, dopamine and glutamate systems and others, has been cause in several mental disorders,.

Serious psychological stress or trauma, birth complications, infections, and exposure to alcohol or cocaine., thought to be due to direct and indirect factors.

Drug like cannabis, alcohol and caffeine damage "white matter" in the brain which affects thinking and memory and produce mental disorder. The impact that a traumatic event has on an individual varies from individual to individual in producing mental disorder. Stresses and strains related to socioeconomic position have been linked to the occurrence of major mental disorders, with a lower or more insecure educational, occupational, economic or social position.

Consideration in Managements

Most of the Psychiatric drugs have toxicities and side effects are major considerations in managing mental disorder.   More than 470,000 adverse reactions to psychiatric drugs are on file with the US FDA. It is not possible to write all drugs side effects and toxicity.

There are differences when treating mental disorders. You need to be able to set aside your biases and be non-critical and non-judgmental. You need to treat the patient with respect.

All problems are due to a disturbance of the vital force.

Once you are label with mental disorder you are now for life time with this label, which is based solely on opinion, and now this becomes part of your medical record, despite the fact there is no medical evidence to prove you are “mentally ill” and you do not have a mental “illness.”  The same is true of all psychiatric diagnoses. Psychiatric diagnoses are simply lists of behaviors that psychiatrists have compiled into little lists,  given a name,  and added “disorder” on the end.

There are non-harmful, non-drug solutions to treating problems of mood or behavior and can be effectively treated with standard medical treatment.

Management

There are a range of different types of treatment and what is most suitable depends on the disorder and on the individual.

A holistic approach (combining of all alternative) for prevention and cure of mental ailments is by far the most meaningful and fulfilling effort that we can undertake. The holistic approach enables us to become aware of the totality of the person and thus makes it possible to formulate a strategy for treatment. The main elements of the holistic approach are Homeopathy and adjuvant Alternative therapies, Counseling and Spiritual or Energy healing.

Homeopathic medicine works differently. It stimulates the person’s innate ability to restore natural balance.  For example, if the patient is not readily producing sufficient, homeopathic medicine can stimulate the body to actually push to convert more serotonin. If the person is overproducing adrenaline and feeling anxious, the homeopathic medicine can help to regulate this overproduction and normalize mood.

Psychotherapy

For many mental disorders psychotherapy is the important line of treatment. There are several main types. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is widely used and is based on modifying the patterns of thought and behavior. Some psychotherapy is based on a humanistic approach. There are a number of specific psychotherapies used for particular disorders. Integrative approach is must.

Medication

Psychiatric medications has several main groups. Antidepressants - Anxiolytics  - sedatives - Mood stabilizers - Antipsychotics - Stimulants and many other sub groups.

Adverse effects of medication and adherence - habit to them are main problems. There are problems of frequent lack of effectiveness and harmful side effects of psychotropic medications

Much criticism of pharmaceutical marketing and professional conflicts of interest is against the psychiatric drugs. For various disorders many drugs are prescribed which actually are harmful to the brain.

Other Measures

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) which was thought not useful has recently come up again.

Counseling (professional) and co-counseling (between peers) are the major aspects on which we can depend. Psychoeducation programs may provide people with the information to understand and manage their problems. Creative therapies like hypnotherapy and NLP can produce good results in indicated disorders.

Lifestyle adjustments and supportive measures are often used. Reasonable accommodations (adjustments and supports) might help an individual and succeed in disorders.

Homeopathy and Mental Health

Menninger, 1897 of the American Institute of Homeopathy has quoted his saying, "Homeopathy is wholly capable of satisfying the therapeutic demands better than any other system of medicine." "It is imperative that we should treat the homeopathic healing art before resorting to any other mode of treatment, if we wish to accomplish the greatest success possible."

Davidson (1994) -  father of modern medicine and renowned medicine expert - has noted that there are similarities between modern psychiatry and homeopathy. In his article Davidson discusses other points such as the self-healing principle, the micro dose effect, disappearance of the symptoms in reverse order of their appearance, and diagnosis by pattern recognition of the symptoms.

Recent neurobiological researches also validate homeopathic concepts.


The researchers - Kleijnen, 1991 - concluded that, " more than sufficient amount of positive evidence for establishing homeopathy as a regular treatment for certain psychiatric indications". He showed that homeopathic treatment is superior. Some of the results are very much surprising.

Homeopathic medicine is effective and would revolutionize the mental disorder and offer people a cost effective, less toxic and more integral treatment. This would have immense implications economically, socially, and politically.

Homeopathy restores health quickly, gently and usually in a permanent fashion by stimulating the body’s own healing capacity.

Unlike conventional medical treatments, homeopathy has no side effects and the positive effects are curative (to the extent the body is capable of healing) – meaning that treatment need only to proceed for a certain period only, after which the patient no longer need use the homeopathic remedy to remain healthy. This was demonstrated in a 2008 study which followed 3,709 patients for 8 years. It found, “Patients who seek homeopathic treatment are likely to improve considerably. These effects maintain for as long as 8 years.”

For nearly thirty years as homeopathic doctors, I have been extremely rewarded by using homeopathy to help patients.

Children and adolescents diagnosed with a wide range of behavioral, learning, and developmental problems, respond very positively to homeopathic treatment. In our clinical experience, patients generally enjoy positive, even dramatic, results from homeopathic care.

In homeopathy we try to get the life story and see how it has affected the person. We consider the whole person. There is no distinction made between physical, emotional, and mental health. They are all linked. In homeopathy you look at the whole picture.

Homeopathy is only treatment which gives high emphasis on psychology and personality of the person to be treated for all disease or complaint of the body. It takes mind and body as a complete whole – one unit. Its treatment of psychological complaints is positive i.e. it not only relieves complaints but also makes the person more functional to become more adaptable and better equipped to handle stress of life. Homeopathy understands and values person’s minute feelings and also emotions. It takes feelings and sensations as important messages of inner body health. It ‘cures’ the root cause of psychological complaint be it grief, disappointment or discord in personal life. It can even resolve pent up emotions & bad memories. It improves mental strength & functions including thoughts, feelings, behavior, memory, concentration etc. It is safe for all ages and conditions. It has no side effects. It deal with chemical imbalance in brain and brings that back to normal.

Hypnosis

Hypnosis can be a highly effective form of treatment for many mental, psychosomatic, and physical disorders.

Hypnosis is a trance state in which the hypnotized person is in a heightened to more receptive state of mind. During hypnosis, the patient is not unconscious, does not lose control of his or her faculties. Hypnotherapy is a combination of hypnosis and therapeutic intervention.

A number of hypnotic techniques exist, combining relaxation with imagery. People who undergo hypnosis may achieve a trancelike state, similar to what happens when they daydream or meditate. But hypnosis is actually a heightened state of concentration. The aim of hypnosis is to focus the mind to eliminate distractions and make mind more open to therapeutic suggestions.

The American Medical Association approved hypnosis as a therapy in 1958. India has not recognized hypnotherapy.

The result of hypnotherapy is overwhelmingly positive and effective. Countless success stories exist for benefits of this technique. Many people have stopped smoking, lost weight, managed pain, remembered forgotten information, stopped other addictions, improved their health and so on through its use. Hypnosis helps tremendously with many mental conditions.

Hypnosis offers moderate to major relief for many types of pain. Hypnosis reduced anxiety levels and lowered blood pressure in patients before surgery, and enhanced recovery afterward by shortening hospital stays and reducing complications

Depression, Eating disorders, Smoking, insomnia, poor sexual function and stress-related problems like hypertension, headache, or chronic pain problems improve with hypnosis

But not enough psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychotherapists use hypnosis or understand what advantage hypnotherapy offers.

The hypnotic state allows people to explore painful thoughts, feelings, and memories they might have hidden from their conscious minds. In addition, hypnosis enables person to perceive some things differently.

Suggestion therapy in the hypnotic state makes the person better able to respond to suggestions. Therefore, hypnotherapy can help some people change certain behaviors. It can also help people change perceptions and sensations.

Analysis approach in hypnosis uses the relaxed state to find the root cause of a disorder or symptom, such as a traumatic past event that a person has hidden in his or her unconscious memory. Once the trauma is revealed other form of therapy can work well.

The hypnotic state allows a person to be more open to discussion and suggestion. It can improve the success of other treatments for many conditions, including: Phobias, fears, and anxiety - Sleep disorders – Depression – Stress - Grief and loss.

Hypnosis also might be used to help with pain control and to overcome habits, such as smoking or overeating. It also might be helpful for people whose symptoms are severe or who need crisis management.

Hypnosis, when using for therapeutic procedures, can be a highly effective form of treatment for many mental, psychosomatic, and physical disorders. There are a number of techniques for correcting dysfunctional behaviors such as self-destructive and addictive habits like smoking, anxiety disorders, and even managing side effects of various medical treatments and procedures. Hypnotherapy also works well for any anxiety disorders and phobias and has proven to be an effective treatment for depression. Hypnotherapy was more effective at enhancing quality of life and relieving anxiety and depressive symptoms.

NLP - NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING

Neuro-Linguistic Programming has the fundamental dynamics between mind (neuro) and language (linguistic) and how both affects our body and behavior (programming).

NLP re-programmes your brain so you think in another way. Instead of concentrating on the problem, NLP attempts to alter the thought processes that lead to mental disorder.  Once your brain has been retrained to think differently, your actions will change automatically.

NLP-The facts


What's it best for?

The main point of NLP is that it allows the change very quickly without needing years of therapy. I promise results instantly or in just few sessions only.

NLP gives thinking and an understanding of the mind behind behavior.

NLP gives self-discovery, giving identity and mission. It also provides a framework for understanding and of human experience. NLP is not only about competence and excellence.  It is about wisdom and vision.

NLP has become famous for its different techniques - there are techniques for changing and improving behaviors.

NLP has literally spread around the world and has touched the lives of millions of people.  NLP cures generative and systemic conditions and focuses on high level issues of mind

NLP is capable of curing problems such as phobias, depression, habit disorder, psychosomatic illnesses, and learning disorders.NLP help people to have better, fuller and richer lives.

NLP cures a broad range of physical and mental conditions and learning difficulties, including epilepsy, myopia and dyslexia - with its promises to cure schizophrenia, depression, and post traumatic stress disorder.

How is NLP meant to work?

NLP aim is to change negative perceptions into positive ones. NLP helps mind to change the way a client interprets their world. In this way, NLP aims to reduce mental disorders.

How is NLP different from psychotherapy?

NLP and psychotherapy have totally different underlying assumptions about the human mind and its connections. NLP and psychology both have different methods, different measures and different concepts of treating the mental disorders.

NLP focus purely on results. It proposes that people are not mentally diseased -- people work perfectly to produce the good results they want to get.

Psychology has no integration or cure process. NLP does not take long personal histories from clients

So after years of psychotherapy, psychoanalysis or psycho-pharmaceutical treatment, while problems may have been explored and brought to reduce their effects, a person is still left with ongoing effect. Cure is often left unfinished. In NLP there is so much more that can be accomplished in far less time. NLP can have an important and complete cure process while psychotherapy has a point of no returns.

No behavior of any individual is considered bad or evil in NLP. Every behavior has a positive intention and a useful purpose, even if it is presently in a problematic way. Additionally, another new behavior can be created as needed and old behavior can be abolished.

We can move through any number of processes in NLP for a cure of mental disorder such as emotional support, creativity, healing, reality checking, planning, critiquing, approving, action, etc.

NLP is Efficient.

NLP has powerful tools to make positive changes in personal history and its meaning -- without drugs, hypnosis, or years of analysis.

 

Dr. Prakash Shah  2013-06-11   Articles/Press Releases