The Esophagus is a hollow, muscular tube that connects our throat to the stomach. When we eat, the food goes into our mouth to the stomach through this tube.
Esophageal cancer begins when cancer cells develop abnormally (form mutations in their DNA) at the inner layer of the esophagus. The accumulated abnormal cells forms a tumor that can grow and invade other organs, and in turn spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Most Common Type)- Squamous cell carcinoma arises in the middle portion or along the entire esophagus.
Adenocarcinoma - Adenocarcinoma happens when squamous cells (normally found in theesophagus) are replaced by gland cells (mucus-secreting glands), which occurs in the lower portion of the esophagus.
No symptoms will manifest until the tumor involves the whole esophagus.
During the first stage, the first symptom to be felt is:
In the advanced stages, you may feel:
Esophageal Cancer is confirmed thru:
A diagnostic test that uses a radiopaque contrast ofbarium sulphate. It is swallowed while standing in front of a fluoroscopy tube. The X-rays track its (barium sulphate) path to evaluate the integrity of the GI tract.
A diagnostic procedure that visually examinesthe esophagus, stomach and the small intestine (duodenum) through a long, flexible and lighted tube introduced through the mouth or anus.
Body fluids (urine, blood, cerebrospinal fluid) or materials scraped from specific areas of the body are spread onto a glass slide and stained to carefully examine cells.
Esophageal cells taken from the patient is examined under a microscope todetermine extent of disease or malignancy
These provide a detailed description of the size and extent of the tumor, where cancer cells have spread outside of the esophagus or GI tract.
The mass (tumor) is only found on the superficial cell layers on the esophagus, and the lesion is operable. 70-90% (best) chance of survival.
There is local spread to the muscle layer (deeper layer of the esophagus) and 1-2 lymph nodes near the tumor. The tumor is still operable but cannot be removed completely. 50% (good) chance of survival.
The primary tumor is now widespread and has reached deeper into the inner muscle layer, lymph nodes and bone. The lesion can still be operable but gross disease will still be left behind. 20% chance of survival.
Since this is the most advanced stage, cancer cells have spread to other organs and lymph nodes all over the body. Less than 5% chance of survival.
Cancer survival depends on the stage you have started treatment. Most cancers have a greater chance of cure if treatment has started early on. Unfortunately, most cancers are diagnosed on its later stages (III and IV), since most signs and symptoms are unnoticeable on the first two stages.
Esophageal Cancer Treatment depends on many elements. Importance is placed on the cancer stage and the overall health status of the patient.
Brachytherapy - Internal Radiation Therapy in: Argentina $22,000, Belgium $16,950, Croatia $14,500, Germany $15,100, Hungary $18,400, India $19,000, Mexico $28,000, Poland $20,900, South Korea $21,000, Thailand $6,050, United States $16,500.
Conformal Radiation Therapy in: Argentina $6,850, Belgium $7,050, Brazil $8,900, Colombia $7,650, Costa Rica $2,050, Croatia $7,800, Hungary $5,350, India$5,950, Malaysia $6,100, Mexico $8,250, Panama $8,700, Philippines$6,000, Poland $6,550, Singapore $5,800, South Korea $6,450, Thailand $7,100, United States $18,250.
Cyberknife for Cancer in: Belgium $13,250, Costa Rica $12,500, Germany $11,400, Hungary $10,800, India $12,000, Malaysia $11,500, Mexico $16,500, Panama $15,050, Philippines $11,250,Singapore $11,000, South Korea $13,500, Thailand $12,500, United States $17,950 -$22,000.
Radiotherapy for Cancer in: Turkey $10,150-$20,300, Italy $20,048, Costa Rica $1,650-$7,550, Germany $1,800, Hungary $1,950-$3,250, India $2,100, Mexico $1,850-$8,400, Singapore $1,950 -$9,700, South Korea $2,100-$10,900, Thailand $1,900-$8,500, United States $2,350-$13,500.
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