Bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery may lower risk of disability in men, but not in women, according to a study published in March 212 in the International Journal of Obesity.
The study led by L. Gripeteg of University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden and colleagues found obese men who received bariatric surgery for weight loss were 21 percent less likely to be on disability pension, compared to their obese counterparts who did not receive the surgery. The association was calculated after adjustment for baseline confounders.
People with obesity are at higher risk of all sorts of complications which can disable obese individuals sooner or later. Bariatric surgery is an invasive weight loss treatment, indicated to treat those who are severely obese and cannot have weight loss through conventional ways, that allows foods to pass the digestive system fast to minimize absorption of calories, which in a way reduces the chance of weight gain and leads to weight loss in obese people.
The Swedish study began in 1987 involving 2010 obese patients who had received bariatric surgery and 2037 contemporaneously matched obese controls who received only conventional weight loss treatment. The follow-up was at least 10 years.
The study also found the adjusted number of disablity pension days was lower in obese patients who had bariatric surgery than that in the controls who were obese, but only receive conventional treatments, 609 days versus 734 days for a period of 10 years.