Infertility is a stark reality that is increasingly affecting many urban couples. The complex process of ovulation and fertilization need to work in tandem to ensure conceiving. However, for some, it always does not end on a happy note. Factors beyond one's control could affect the joy of parenthood.
There are many reasons why couples planning pregnancy experience difficulty in conception or are termed unsuccessful in conceiving after a year of trying. Nearly one third of the problem occurs because both or either of the partners has some issues - medical or psychological. Medical health is an important determinant when it comes to fertility and success in pregnancy. Problems in conception can arise due to hormonal imbalance, structural blockage or defects, faulty lifestyle practices or due to behavioural problems leading to decreased fertility among couples.
Ovulatory disorders due to hormonal imbalance are one of the most common reasons why women find it difficult to conceive. They account for nearly 30% cases of infertility among females. Women suffering from Polycystic Ovary syndrome (PCOS) fail to produce mature eggs because of excessive androgen or male hormone generation. Apart from this any malfunction in the 2 major hormone glands; Hypothalamus and pituitary, in both males and females result in reduced fertility or infertility. In males, hormonal imbalance seriously affects the sperm quality and quantity.