The Costa Rican government forced to halt with an IVF ban. The IVF ban started in 2000 when Costa Rica’s Supreme Court deemed in vitro fertilization unconstitutional. In vitro fertilization, recognized as a highly effective treatment for infertility, was the couple’s best chance for pregnancy. Suddenly their country’s Supreme Court was telling them the technique violated “the right to life.”
Even in the devoutly Catholic country, the decision seemed unexpected. Costa Rica is the only Western Hemisphere country where in vitro fertilization is banned; other places that forbid it include Libya, Iran and the Vatican.
Illeana, 52, and Miguel, 46, believe some closure might come to them this month. An international court will announce soon whether Costa Rica violated human rights laws by banning in vitro fertilization. If the Inter-American Court on Human Rights rules in favor of the plaintiffs — nine couples, including the Yamunis — Costa Rica will be obligated to legalize in vitro fertilization and the country likely will face fines for the prohibition.
In vitro fertilization involves fertilizing a woman’s eggs outside her body. Doctors then select the most viable embryos to be transferred to the woman’s uterus.