Neurology is the study of the nervous system, and involves the central and peripheral nervous system, and the diagnosis and treatment of a number of neurological or nerve disease processes and injuries.
The nervous system is generally divided into three categories; the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and autonomic nervous system. The central nervous system is the communication highway between the brain and the rest of the body.
Any type of disruption or injury to the brain or spinal column has the potential to cause permanent damage to body function in muscle function, reasoning, cognitive levels and speaking, eating, seeing or hearing.
Central and Peripheral Nervous System
The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system involves the nerves found in the body. The peripheral nervous system consists of 12 pairs of cranial nerves that extend from the brain, and 31 pairs of spinal nerves that spread from the spinal cord to other parts of the body.
Common Disorders of the Central Nervous System:
The peripheral nervous system is what makes our body move and is divided into two categories; the somatic and autonomic nervous systems. The peripheral nervous system links nerves traveling from the spine to the skeletal muscle fibers in the body.
Common Disorders of the Peripheral Nervous System:
Common Neurological Diagnostic Procedures
Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures are designed to locate and diagnose nervous system issues and disorders. Some of the most common screening tests include:
These are just a few of the many tests available to neurologists for the identification and diagnosis of dozens of brain and central nervous system disorders.
Benefits of Neurological Testing
Any individual experiencing brain or spinal cord issues and conditions will benefit from neurological diagnostic testing procedures in order to diagnose and find appropriate treatment for a variety of central nervous conditions. In most cases, testing for neurological disorders is taken through a non-invasive approach or minimally invasive approach to determine proper treatment pathways.
Costs of Common Neurological Procedures
Costs for neurological diagnostic procedures depends on the type of procedure performed. In the U.S., for example, an MRI can cost between $1,100 and $3,500, depending on body area being scanned, insurance coverage, hospital and geographic location.
A CT (computed tomography) scan might cost between $270 and $4,800, again depending the area of the body being scanned, the hospital and technical and professional fees. A cerebral angiogram might cost up to $2,500, again depending on how much of the brain is scanned and the hospital where the scan is performed.
Medical travelers to India might spend an average of $300 for an MRI, while in Mexico, the scan may cost around $600. A CT scan in India averages about $250, while in Mexico, travelers will pay about $575. Individuals traveling to Thailand may save approximately 70% on costs of neurological diagnostic testing in the U.S.
Finding a Neurosurgeon to Meet Your Needs
A neurosurgeon must complete and graduate from medical school and then perform internship before entering a neurological residency, which takes between 5 to 7 years to complete. Following that, a neurosurgeon must complete between 1 and 2 years of fellowship in a brain surgery specialty such as brain tumors or cerebrovascular disorders
Look for a neurosurgeon officially recognized by an association or organization of neurological surgeons in your country, province or city of surgery. Neurological surgeons should be board-certified by organizations such as the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, the Mexican Council of Neurosurgical Surgery, and the American Board of Neurological Surgery.
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