The uterus or womb is a major female reproductive (and hormone-responsive) sex organ of the human body. It is also muscular pear-shaped cavity in which menstruation occurs and the fetus develops during gestation.
Because of genetic, physical and environmental factors and even infection, the uterus undergoes changes that can predispose us to disorders and diseases.
Common signs and symptoms that predispose a woman to gynaecological disorders:
Vaginal discharge: check for foul smelling or blood-stained discharges.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding that can be irregular or heavy (menorrhagia) .
Dysmenorrhea (painful menses)
Urinary frequency or retention
Chronic pelvic pain
10 Common Uterine Conditions You Should Know
Endometriosis – a condition wherein the endometrial tissue outside the uterus causes pelvic pain.
Fibroid Tumors – round , benign tumors that originate in the uterus
Chronic Pelvic Pain – pain felt in the pelvic region that lasts 6 months or more; it can be a symptom of a disease or a condition on its own
Uterine Prolapse – weakness in the pelvic muscles or multiple childbirths can cause a uterine prolapse
Carcinoma of the cervix – malignant neoplasm that forms in the cervix; usually it is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
Carcinoma of the uterus – malignant neoplasm that forms in the uterus
Adenomyosis – presence ectopic growth within the myometrium
Endometritis – a type of infection that begins at the uterine cavity.
Asherman's syndrome – a type of intrauterine adhesion that occurs when the layer of the endometrium is damaged by infection or during a procedure such as (e.g. D&C) which results to partial or complete uterine obliteration.
Common Treatments performed with these Uterine Conditions
Endometrial Ablation – a surgical procedure that destroys the endometrial lining of the uterus
Laparotomy – open abdomen procedure; incision is made to the abdomen for diagnosis or preparation for surgery.
Laparoscopy – fiber-optic instrument is inserted through the abdomen to simply view the organs in the abdomen or in preparation for surgery
Salpingo-oophorectomy – surgical removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries
Uterine Artery Embolization/Uterine Fibroid Embolization – a catheter is inserted to the groin to deliver small particles that will block the blood supply to the uterine body.
How Much Do Gynecological Treatments and Surgical Procedures Cost?
In Thailand, Laparoscopic Total Hysterectomy costs USD $4024 while a Total Hysterectomy costs USD $3018. In India, a Radical Hysterectomyfor Uterine Cancer can be priced at USD $4,220 up to $7,479. Meanwhile, in Mexico different types of hysterectomies may be performed such as abdominal USD $3,700; vaginal USD $4,200 and laparoscopic USD $4,300. In the Middle East, you can also avail a hysterectomy priced at USD $6,000 in Jordan. In Europe, particularly in Italy, Abdominal hysterectomy is also available at USD $33,414.
Hysteroscopy or the visual inspection of the uterine cavity can be operative as a surgical intervention or diagnostic to assess for uterine pathology. Both are available in Poland and can cost USD $301 for Diagnostic video-hysteroscopy and USD $452 for Surgical video-hysteroscopy.
Finding a Qualified Gynecologist and Gynecology Surgeon
A doctor that specializes in women’s reproductive health is called a gynaecologist. They can be also called obstetricians. They care for women during their pregnancy, after delivery of the baby and during menopause. A gynaecologist can screen for cancer, prescribe birth control, perform diagnostic or surgical procedures, and even treat infections such as urinary tract infection.
Don’t just trust anyone with the most private part of your body. To help you get the right ob-gyne, ask a referral from a family member, a close friend, or from your family doctor.
Before you start a consultation, meet and discuss with an ob-gyn. Ask specific questions about his or her medical experience, his/her trainings, board certifications and memberships, and more importantly, his/her opinion about important reproductive issues such as birth control.
At the end of the day, choose an ob-gyne that you are most comfortable with especially because you will be disclosing your most intimate reproductive health concerns.
Gynecology Treatment -
A gynecologist is a trained and certified physician who specializes in the female reproductive system. In addition to providing female reproductive or gynecologic treatments, gynecologists are often trained and specialized in obstetrics, which defines a physician who is in care of a woman undergoing pregnancy and childbirth. The doctors who have undergone obstetrics and gynecology schooling receive training in not only obstetrics and gynecology, but neonatal intensive care, emergency medicine, internal medicine and depending on specialization, gynecological and oncology, GYN urology, reproductive endocrinology and reproductive genetics.