Spina bifida is known as a congenital birth defect, meaning that it presents at birth. Spina bifida is a defect in the bones that normally provide cover and protection for the spinal cord. In most cases, spina bifida occurs in the lumber spline or the lower back, and affects roughly one out of every 1,000 newborns.
Pregnant women should know that adequate amounts of folic acid (approximately 400 mcg or 0.4 mg) daily during pregnancy can reduce the risk of spina bifida. In addition, spina bifida can be diagnosed during fetal development through a test called amniocentesis. Treatment typically depends on the severity of the defect
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