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Surrogacy is much more than a fertility treatment, in some cases it's the last hope for some couples or individuals who want to become parents and have tried other Fertility Treatments with no result.
Surrogacy may be defined as a treatment in which a surrogate carries the baby of another individual of couple. The woman who offers to carry the implant will be called "surrogate mother"; she will help the woman or couple unable to carry their own children for a variety of physical reasons.
Laws regarding surrogacy differ throughout the United States and the globe, so individuals interested in the process should understand the basics of surrogacy and how it works and where they may go in order to achieve successfully the dream of parenthood.
Surrogates can be divided into two categories: Natural Surrogates and IVF Surrogates.
IVF Surrogates, are also known as a gestational carriers or full surrogates; they are women who will carry the egg and sperm of a couple. The IVF Surrogate is no related to the child in any way.
The Natural surrogate, is also called traditional or straight surrogate; she is a female who will be inseminated with the sperm of the male partner of an infertile couple, producing a child who is genetically related to her and the male partner, but not to the male partner's wife or spouse.
Surrogacy is an option for those unable to conceive, whether they are single women or men, or couples. If individuals are unable to carry a fertilized egg through fetal development, pregnancy and delivery may benefit from this fertility treatment.
Reasons for a woman's inability to carry a child full term may be many and are caused by different medical conditions such as:
Traditional surrogacy is often recommended to: women who have: very low functioning ovaries, women who may risk passing genetic disease processes onto infants.
IVF surrogacy, is recommended to: women suffering from a variety of medical conditions that may cause life threatening potential during pregnancy or delivery.
The process involves a woman surrogate who donates her egg to be inseminated with the father's sperm to produce a fertilized egg, which is then implanted in the female.
Gestational surrogacy involves the arrangements between parents of a child, or sperm and egg donation to another woman who agrees to carry the embryo through the pregnancy process. This surrogate has no biological relationship to the child. Gestational surrogates utilizes embryos fertilized through in Vitro fertilization technologies and often involve PGD (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis) to ensure success.
Egg donors are commonly utilized between intended parents of a child and a woman who agrees to carry the embryo of an anonymous third party donor and the sperm of the intended father. The surrogate carries the fetus as a host, with no biological ties between the surrogate and the fetus. This type of surrogate is also known as a gestational carrier.
Surrogates are generally recommended to be younger than 38 years old, and do not smoke, use drugs, drink alcohol, or have any history of medical disorders or conditions that may hinder or harm optimal health of the fetus. Psychological examinations or evaluations are also typically conducted to determine optimal surrogates.
The cost of surrogacy depends on location and type of surrogacy attempted. Many such surrogacy situations are privately arranged as long as they are legal in the state or country of origin. You may want to visit our procing section to have a better idea of how much a surrogacy treatments costs.
The cost of IVF itself may depend on the number of attempts for successful fertilization. The average cost of one cycle of in Vitro fertilization in the United States may range over $10,000, while the same procedures in Central Europe and may cost around $4,000, and facilities in Thailand offering similar procedures for about $4,500.
Research clinics offering a variety of infertility procedures and knowledge of the newest technologies. All Surrogate Physicians & Specialists should be registered and belong to domestic fertility or infertility treatment organizations or associations in their country of origin, or hold international licensing documents.
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