Oral surgery is often necessary to correct a variety of tooth and jaw misalignments. Root resection is a common type of dental procedure that is often mistaken or confused as a root canal treatment. A root resection requires the extraction of the entire root of a damaged tooth. The procedure does require the oral surgeon to be able to reach the inside of the tooth. This is where dental flap surgery comes in. During a root resection, nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth are cut. Because of this, that same tooth often requires root canal treatment before the root resection procedure is completed.
Root resection procedures are less popular than a procedure to simply extract the tooth and replace it with an implant. Brute resection procedures are often performed on only one root of the tooth that may have one or more routes.
Anyone, regardless of age, who experiences damaged or diseased tooth structure or root damage will benefit from dental flap with root resection surgery. An infected or damaged tooth often causes difficulty with eating and speaking. An infected tooth left untreated may also cause infection to spread to other areas of the mouth. In severe cases, infection may reach the blood vessels and cause systemic blood infection in the body.
Before your dentist or oral surgeon begins any type of dental procedure that deals with the root or gums, you will most likely have a local anesthetic injected into the area. This anesthetic reduces pain and often calms the fears of those who have a fear of dentists and dental treatments.
During a root resection, the oral surgeon makes the cut in the gum and lift the flap of skin covering the tooth, known as dental flap surgery. The dentist then drills or cuts into the dental bone of the tooth until the tooth roots are exposed. The oral surgeon then drills into the damaged root, removing it in pieces from the remainder of the tooth, which is left in place.
Dental flap and root resection procedures may take between one and three hours, depending on individual case scenarios. These procedures are performed in a dental office. Most situations will require several sutures, which remain in place for about a week. In most cases, sutures are self-dissolving. In most scenarios, the dental patient will receive analgesics for pain, as well as antibiotics.
A board certified oral surgeon performs flap root resection procedures. Such professionals are certified through dental associations or organizations in their country of origin. Countries around the world often require oral surgeons to become members or board certified through their official and accredited dental college.
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