urgical removal of a tumor is the cornerstone of curative oncologic therapy for localized rectal cancer. In addition to removing the rectal tumor, removing the fat and lymph nodes in the area of a rectal tumor is also necessary to minimize the chance that any cancer cells might be left behind.
However, because the rectum is in the pelvis and is close to the anal sphincter (the muscle that controls the ability to hold stool in the rectum), rectal surgery can be difficult. With more deeply invading tumors and when the lymph nodes are involved, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are usually included in the treatment course to increase the chance that all microscopic cancer cells are removed or killed.
What is rectal resection?
Anterior resection of the rectum is an operation to remove part or all of the rectum. It is most usually performed for patients with rectal cancer. Many patients with rectal cancer will have radiotherapy before the operation. In many cases the operation can be performed via a laparoscopic (keyhole) surgical technique.
Who benefits from Rectal Resection?
Every one of us is at risk for colorectal cancer. People who have a family history of colorectal cancer are more likely to develop the cancer themselves, particularly if you have certain gene mutations. Rectal cancer often has no symptoms until its later stages -- when it’s more difficult to treat. Therefore, your best bet to beating colon cancer is to catch it early with screening tests. Although the exact cause of colorectal cancer is not known, there are some factors that increase a person's risk of developing the disease. These include:
This operation can be performed as an open or laparoscopic (keyhole procedure). During the operation the part, or all of the rectum is removed, usually with part of the sigmoid colon. This involves taking away the blood vessels and lymph nodes to this part of the bowel. The surgeon then re-makes the join (anastomosis) between the remaining colon and the remaining part of the rectum. The surgeon may use either sutures or special staples to make this join. If there are any special circumstances that mean that a stoma (usually an ileostomy) may be required the surgeon will discuss these issues beforehand.
How Much Does Rectal Resection Cost?
Depending on the type of drugs, chemotherapy, or surgery, costs will vary. In the United States, colorectal cancer care costs over $25,000, and if surgery is needed, may cost tens of thousands dollars more. Drugs, radiation treatments or chemotherapy treatments may cost an additional $8,000 to $10,000 a year or more, while individuals in later stages of the disease process may spend an additional $20,000 or more in treatment and palliative care.
Individuals traveling to foreign destinations such as countries Asia, Europe or Latin America save up to 50% of costs on colorectal surgical procedures, medications, and treatment therapies.
Who Performs Rectal Resection Procedures?
Fighting colorectal cancer often requires a number of different treatments: chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. No single doctor can handle all aspects of your treatment for colorectal cancer. Here's how to assemble a team of experts to help you.
With the guidance of your primary physician, your team may include these specialists:
You might also work with other healthcare professionals at the hospital, including nurses, pathologists, and other specialists.
In addition, you might want to seek out others who can help with needs related to colorectal cancer treatment. You could check in with a dietitian to make sure you're getting the right nutrients during treatment. You might also want to see a therapist -- such as a social worker, psychologist, or psychiatrist -- to help you cope with the emotional effects of cancer and the treatment process.
Benefits of the Resection of the Rectum
Most treatments for rectal cancer are personalized to provide the best outcomes, while focusing on the patients quality of life. An entire team of leading physicians, supported by specially trained professionals, focuses its attention on giving the most advanced care with the least impact on patient’s body.
Some of the advantages to undergo rectal surgical resection are:
It’s hard to handle a cancer diagnostic, but you can do it. To have the best chance of getting the best cancer treatment, you need to know what you’re up against, what your options are, and where to go for help.
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