Transgender-Sex Change Surgery Thailand, the Global Sex Change Capital
Thanks to modern technology and medical procedures, but also to changes in constitution which make things easier, Thailand has become a hub for those who do not wish to be trapped in their own bodies. Sex change surgery, transgender surgery, gender reassignment surgery or sex reassignment surgery (srs) are alternate names for the same procedure which can change a person's life forever.
In many countries sex change is a taboo subject and surgery for sex change can be very expensive. However, recent studies have showed that more and more transgendered people are not willing to suffer remaining in the sex of their birth, choosing the possibility of traveling to a foreign country to have the much-wanted surgery.
According to a research paper, on the Calculation of the Prevalence of Transsexualism, by Femke Oyslager and Lynn Conway, one in 500,000 males and one in 2 million females have sought sex change surgery. Other researchers are estimating that this number is rapidly going up by 14% every year.
Gender reassignment surgery might be regarded as the earliest medical travel niche market in Thailand, a model for the later development of medical travel in the country. Gender reassignment surgery was first practiced in Thailand in the 1970s and in the 1990s international patients began traveling to Thailand in larger numbers to seek sex change surgery. Thai surgeons were quickly recognized as being cheaper and more technically sophisticated compared to surgeons working in North America and Europe.
What is sex change surgery?
Sex change surgery can be of two types: male to female and female to male. For a man, the procedure is accomplished through orchidectomy (removal of testicles) and vaginoplasty (creation of vagina from the skin and foreskin of the penis). Other procedures are needed such as breast implants, facial feminization surgery, voice femonization surgery, tracheal shave, buttock augmentation, besides hormone replacement therapy (Estrogen and anti-androgens are given to men to help change their skin and fat distribution and musculature).
For a woman the procedure is more complex because her uterus, ovaries and vagina are removed, creating the penis from either her vaginal tissue, or extra intestinal tissue in a procedure called penectomy. Mastectomy is also needed and the hormone replacement therapy (Androgens will help them develop secondary male sex characteristics such as a beard and body hair).
Once the surgery is performed it cannot be reversed. That is why depending on the country, or regulations of its medical profession, an individual seeking a sex change may be required to have psychiatric or psychological assessment. He or she may also be required to live for a period of time as a member of the opposite sex before being approved for surgery. Thailand does not have the regulatory framework for assessing GRS candidates under the rubric of gender identity disorder, most medical experts on gender variance regarding psychiatric evaluation for GRS as unnecessary.
Does the Thai law encourage sex change operations?
Thailand is a country with one of the largest transgender populations in the world and surgeons who have pioneered cheap and quick sex change techniques (only two hours for a male to female sex surgery). Still, people under the age of 18 are not allowed to have this procedure, while men and women aged 18 to 20 need parental consent.
Thailand's new constitution might soon recognize and accept the so-called 'third gender'. The concept of three sexes is ancient in Thailand. Creation tales mention a woman and a man who had three children: a male, a female and a third sex, usually called ladyboy (or katoey), a man who chooses to live as a woman. As a Buddhist country, Thailand tolerates katoey, who are often accepted as part of society.
What are the costs?
Sex change is one of the most chosen procedures by international patients. No wonder Thailand is considered the Global Sex Change Capital. It is not only the law which encourages such surgeries, but also the affordable prices and amazing results of the procedure. Many of Thailand's top surgeons give symposiums sharing their knowledge with other physicians from all over the world.
Transgender tourists come not only from neighboring countries, but also from the US, the UK, Canada, Europe and Australia. Gender reassignment surgical tourism in Thailand caters mostly to trans women, that is men who which to become women. Male to female genital surgery is easier, less expensive and generally more successful than female to male surgery. That's one reason why fewer women choose to have surgery on their genitals
The price for a male to female surgery in Thailand starts from $7,000 including the price for the surgery, skin graft, 5 days hospital stay and post operative care. For the female to male surgery, which is more complex, the price starts at $14,000 including surgery costs, 10 days in hospital, VIP nursing care, consultation fess and post operative care.
Why would someone choose Thailand for sex change surgery?
The quality of Thailand’s doctors and hospitals, low costs and hospitality of the Thai people make Thailand an ideal destination for transgender tourism.
PlacidWay is a medical tourism company that partners with the best Thai cosmetic clinics, in order to facilitate the best medical tourism experience for each and every patient. The company provides assistance with every detail of the journey and makes sure that people who undergo sex change surgery in Thailand will get the best out of this experience.
2015-08-17 / Updated on: 2022-01-21