Spinal cord injuries can happen through accident, trauma, or disease. The spinal cord is the link between the brain and the rest of the body, and body functions may be affected by conditions like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease), muscular dystrophy, Parkinson's disease, stroke, and traumatic accidents.
In the past, a spinal cord injury meant the loss of function below the point of injury, but modern science and stem cell research and technology have provided a number of breakthroughs in treatments for spinal cord injury patients.
The spinal cord is made up of neural cells that carry all electrical impulses from the brain to the spine to the muscles and organs of the body. Glial cells support neural cells and are an important component of the spinal cord. There are two different types of glial cells; oligodendrocytes, which make up the protective sheath covering of nerves, along with myelin, and astrocytes, which provide an adequate growth environment for neural cells.
Stem cell research has learned how to create new neurons. An injured brain or spinal cord may not be able to create new neurons by itself, but stem cell scientists have discovered neural stem cells in adult brains that can be stimulated to multiply or divide into neural cells that have been lost through central nervous system or spinal cord injury and disease processes.
Combination therapy is a combination of stem cell therapies that produce neural cells with myelin sheath protection, and gene therapy. To date, many of these technologies are still undergoing clinical trials in the United States.
Throughout the United States, researchers, biotechnical companies and stem cell researchers are undergoing Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials for results after injecting oligodendrocytes from embryonic stem cells into the spinal cord in the hopes that they will replicate themselves. Researchers from California to New York are focusing stem cell research on astrocytes for generating new nerve fiber growth.
Research technologies and the number of clinical trials in the United States continue to advance as new discoveries are made. In the meantime, many Americans suffering from spinal cord injury and its limitations have experienced some benefit through stem cell treatments and therapies offered in globally recognized stem cell centers around the world.
Stem cell therapies around the world have offered in enormous benefits to hundreds. A few of the most popular stem cell treatment centers and clinics abroad include:
For more information regarding stem cell research, different types of stem cells, and clinical trials of stem cell therapies for use in treatment for spinal cord injuries, visit PlacidWay.com, an international medical provider and resource for stem cell technologies, alternative medicine, and traditional therapies, surgeries and procedures abroad.
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Stem Cell Therapy Abroad