About Type II Diabetes
Type II diabetes or diabetes mellitus affects blood sugar levels in your body. Blood sugar levels must be kept within a certain range or your body can be adversely affected. Diabetes is caused by deficiencies in the secretion of insulin from the pancreas or the way that insulin behaves in the body. Insulin is a hormone that allows body cells to absorb and store glucose, which converts to instant energy. If the body becomes deficient in insulin, the body may develop diabetes mellitus.
If a cells has trouble absorbing glucose, the glucose or blood sugar builds up the blood supply, and then urine. A person with this type of diabetes has to urinate often, resulting in a water imbalance in the body. Sufferers grow increasingly thirsty. Without glucose, body cells will then begin to deplete other valuable sources of fat and proteins as alternate energy sources.
Diabetes mellitus, if left untreated, may cause a number of medical conditions, including kidney failure, blindness and nerve damage and is one of the major causes of strokes and coronary heart disease. This disease affects almost 8% of the American population, while another 12 million people may have the disease and not even be aware of it. Diabetes mellitus is the third leading cause of death in the United States, only after heart disease and cancer.
Obesity is one of the most common causes of diabetes, so watching fat and sugar intake goes a long way toward prevention. For those dealing with diabetes mellitus, a bariatric procedure called SGIT may help reduce your risks.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with ileal transposition (SGIT) is a bariatric surgery procedure that can be effective as gastric bypass bariatric surgery for weight control, and to help the body regulate glycemic control. Such surgery has been effective in some patients diagnosed with Type II diabetes mellitus.
The sleeve gastrectomy part of the procedures involves reducing the size of the stomach. The procedure provides another option for weight loss for obese patients by removing more than half the stomach. The procedure cannot be reversed. During the procedure, a portion of the stomach is removed, and the remainder shaped into a sleeve rather than its natural pouch shape. Sleeve gastrectomy procedures are effective for those with high-risk co-morbidities or high body mass index ranges.
Benefits of SGIT Surgery for Diabetics
Sleeve gastrectomy procedures reduce food intake and resulting blood sugar spikes following eating. The procedure is believed to reduce hormone secretions of Ghrelin, believed to play a major role in the control of blood sugar.
Ileal transposition, the second half of the surgical procedure, moves one part of the small intestine closer to the stomach. The ileal portion of the small intestine literally switches places with the jejunum portion of the small intestine. This may aid in the stimulation and secretion of insulin through early absorption or undigested food, thereby increasing the blood level of certain hormones responsible for blood sugar levels.
The procedure focuses on producing an acute insulin response that most Type II diabetics have lost due to their condition. The acute insulin response leads to increased maintenance and control of blood sugar levels immediately after eating; preventing many spikes or dips in blood glucose levels for Type II diabetics.
Costs of a SGIT Procedure
SGIT costs depend on the geographical location of the facility. The intervention surgery is not performed widely, and is available at only a handful of medical facilities around the world, and by a handful of surgeons, so costs can be high, and may or may not be covered by medical insurance. Choose a bariatric surgeon with experience and expertise in SGIT bariatric surgical procedures.
If you need to know more about SGIT for Type II Diabetes and the available treatments, contact us!
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