Cyprus Gender Selection: Legal & Ethical Guide

Is Gender Selection Legal in Cyprus?

In recent years, the topic of gender selection has garnered significant attention and debate across the globe. As couples and individuals explore their options for family planning, questions surrounding the legality and ethical considerations of gender selection become increasingly pertinent. Cyprus, with its reputation as a hub for advanced reproductive technologies, often finds itself at the center of this conversation. In this blog post, we delve into the legal status of gender selection in Cyprus, examining the intricacies of the law, the ethical debates surrounding the practice, and what this means for those considering Cyprus for gender selection procedures.

Is gender selection legal in Cyprus?

Yes, gender selection is legal in Cyprus, but it's typically allowed under specific circumstances, primarily for medical reasons such as avoiding genetic diseases that are linked to a particular sex. Cyprus is known for its advanced reproductive technologies and has become a destination for couples seeking fertility treatments, including gender selection, from around the world. The country's regulatory framework permits the use of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) and Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) techniques, which can be used to determine the sex of the embryos before implantation during an IVF cycle.

However, the use of these technologies for non-medical reasons, such as family balancing, is subject to ethical considerations and may be regulated differently. It's important for individuals and couples considering gender selection in Cyprus or any other country to consult with medical professionals and understand the legal and ethical frameworks governing these practices.

Legal Framework in Cyprus

Gender Selection in Cyprus is renowned for its progressive approach to reproductive technology, including in vitro fertilization (IVF) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). However, when it comes to the specific practice of gender selection for non-medical reasons—such as family balancing—the legal landscape becomes more nuanced.

The legal framework governing reproductive technologies in Cyprus is designed to align with both national health policies and European Union guidelines. This ensures that while advancing medical technologies are made accessible, they are also regulated to address ethical considerations and protect patient rights.

Gender Selection for Medical Reasons

It's important to distinguish between gender selection for medical reasons and non-medical reasons. Cyprus permits gender selection in cases where there's a risk of transmitting a serious genetic disorder that is linked to a specific gender. This form of gender selection is seen as a preventive health measure, allowing parents to avoid passing on hereditary conditions to their offspring.

Non-Medical Gender Selection

The legality of selecting a child's gender purely based on personal or family balancing reasons is more complex. Cyprus operates in a legal gray area concerning non-medical gender selection. While not explicitly prohibited, clinics often navigate stringent regulatory and ethical guidelines that prioritize the well-being of the child and the societal implications of such practices.

Ethical Considerations

Beyond legality, the practice of gender selection raises profound ethical questions. Proponents argue for reproductive autonomy and the right of parents to choose the gender of their child, especially in the context of family balancing. Critics, however, raise concerns about gender discrimination, the commodification of life, and the potential for societal imbalances.

In Cyprus, clinics offering gender selection services often engage in thorough ethical review processes, ensuring that their practices align with both legal standards and moral considerations. This involves detailed consultations with prospective parents, exploring their motivations and the potential implications of their choices.

What This Means for Prospective Parents

For those considering Cyprus for gender selection, it's crucial to conduct thorough research and consult with legal and medical professionals. Understanding the legal nuances, ethical debates, and clinic-specific policies will help in making an informed decision that aligns with personal values, legal boundaries, and the best interest of the future child.


The question of whether gender selection is legal in Cyprus requires a nuanced understanding of the country's legal and ethical landscape. While medical gender selection is permitted for preventing genetic diseases, non-medical reasons fall into a more complex legal and ethical territory. As the conversation around reproductive rights and technologies evolves, Cyprus continues to be a focal point for discussions on the future of gender selection. Prospective parents are encouraged to navigate this landscape with careful consideration, ensuring that their choices are informed, ethical, and legal.