Laparoscopic surgery, also known as an endoscopic surgery of the spine, is a minimally invasive technique that has been perfected in the past two decades that enables surgeons to surgically repair or remove organs in the body through small incisions that result in fewer complications, surrounding tissue damage and faster healing times.
The laparoscopic approach enables the surgeon to make three to four small incisions (usually less than 1/4-inch in length) through which the laparoscope, a long, thin tube equipped with a camera at one and that enables the surgeon to view the surgical field on a monitor or screen in the operating room.
Vertebral discs are part of the spine. The spine is comprised of bones known as vertebra, which make up the spinal column and protect nerves that make up the spinal cord. Discs positioned between each of the vertebra act as cushions or sponges like shock absorbers and enable humans to twist, bend, and rotate.
A discectomy is at its most basic definition, removal of a vertebral desk. A discectomy may be performed in the lumber, or lower back region, the thoracic, or middle back, and cervical or neck regions of the spine.
First performed in the early 1990s, two basic techniques for laparoscopic discectomy are commonly used:
This positioning also requires the use of endoscopy. A discectomy involves the removal of herniated disc tissues that press on nerves or other portions of spinal cord. This type of procedure is very effective for individuals who have tried other options without relief and who experience and suffer from severe pain and difficulty walking, sitting, and other basic movements.
Individuals with back or neck pain or pain that doesn't respond to conventional medical treatment may benefit from a laparoscopic discectomy. Those diagnosed with herniated discs are also prime candidates for the procedure.
A discectomy procedure is generally performed by an orthopedic surgeon specializing in spine care or neurosurgeon as well as a vascular or general surgeon. Surgeons should be chosen according to their expertise and experience in related fields. Physicians and surgeons should be certified in their field, and show membership in national or regional boards or associations in his or her country of origin. Patients are encouraged to get more than one opinion before engaging in any type of spinal surgery, as well as making sure that facilities, surgeons, and healthcare staff are accredited by international associations and organizations to ensure quality of equipment, technology, as well as quality of care by medical staff.
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