Polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age, affecting as many as 1 out of 15 women. Often the symptoms begin in the teen years of life.
The appearance of the ovaries is enlarged and containing numerous small cysts located along the outer edge of each ovary. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances.
The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
PCOS affects many systems in the body. So, many symptoms may persist even though ovarian function and hormone levels change
The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, symptoms include:
The cause of PCOS is unknown. But most experts think that several factors could play a role.
Heredity -Women with PCOS are more likely to have a mother or sister with PCOS.
A main underlying problem with PCOS is a hormonal imbalance. In women with PCOS, the ovaries make more androgens than normal.
Many women with PCOS have too much insulin in their bodies. Excess insulin appears to increase production of androgen. High androgen levels can lead to: Acne - Excessive hair growth - Weight gain - Problems with ovulation
Low-grade inflammation. Eating certain foods can trigger an inflammatory response in some predisposed people. This lead to insulin resistance and cholesterol accumulation in blood vessels (atherosclerosis).
Abnormal fetal development - excessive exposure to male hormones (androgens) in fetal life - gene expression.
In women with PCOS, the ovary doesn't make all of the hormones it needs for an egg to fully mature. The follicles may start to grow and build up fluid but ovulation does not occur. Instead, some follicles may remain as cysts. When ovulation does not occur and the hormone progesterone is not made and woman's menstrual cycle becomes irregular or absent. Also the ovaries make male hormones, which also prevent ovulation.
What are the Complications of PCOS?
Having polycystic ovary syndrome makes the following conditions more likely, especially if obesity also is a factor:
Women with PCOS have greater chances of developing several serious health conditions, including life-threatening diseases:
Women with PCOS appear to have higher rates of:
Babies born to women with PCOS have a higher risk of spending time in a neonatal intensive care unit or of dying before, during, or shortly after birth
Because there is no cure for PCOS, treatment is to prevent and manage problems. The good news is that, although there's no cure for PCOS, it can be treated. The most important step is diagnosing the condition. Getting treatment for PCOS reduces a girl's chances of having serious side effects.
The first step in managing PCOS is to get regular exercise and eat heart-healthy foods. This can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol and reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease. It can also help to lose weight.
Birth control pills. Control menstrual cycles - Reduce male hormone levels - Help to clear acne
Diabetes medications. metformin (Glucophage) help with PCOS symptoms, Metformin affects the way insulin controls blood glucose (sugar) and lowers testosterone production. It slows the growth of abnormal hair and, after a few months of use, may help ovulation to return. Recent research has shown metformin to have other positive effects, such as decreased body mass and improved cholesterol levels. Metformin will not cause a person to become diabetic.
Fertility medications. Lack of ovulation is usually the reason for fertility problems in women with PCOS. Several medications that stimulate ovulation can help women with PCOS become pregnant. Treatment options include:
Another option is in vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF offers the best chance of becoming pregnant in any given cycle. It also gives doctors better control over the chance of multiple births.
Surgery. "Ovarian drilling" is a surgery that may increase the chance of ovulation. It’s sometimes used when a woman does not respond to fertility medicines.
Medicine for increased hair growth or extra male hormones. Medicines called anti-androgens may reduce hair growth and clear acne. Spironolactone (Aldactone), has been shown to reduce the impact of male hormones on hair growth in women. Finasteride (fin-AST-uhr-yd) (Propecia), a medicine taken by men for hair loss, has the same effect. Anti-androgens are often combined with birth control pills. These medications should not be taken if patient is trying to become pregnant.
Homeopathic medicine covers a broad range of healing philosophies. In homeopathy excellent drugs are there for PCOS. This gives result faster, with less suffering. Homeopathic medicine corrects body abnormalities and gives good results. It do not have the health risks – side effects or toxicity. Homeopathic medicine stimulates life energy within the body. So ovary by itself gets normal. This stimulates healing on the physical, emotional and spiritual levels to restore vitality in life. In few selected patients homeopathic medicines works wonder.
Homeopathy has excellent remedies for PCOS. It is recommend the following homeopathic remedies depending on repatriation and totality of patients.
Usually for a total of 4 months period of medicines are sufficient but in certain case it may extend depending on repatriation and totality of patients:
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