Urology literally means study of urine. More specifically, urology is a specialty field that studies and focuses on conditions of the male and female urinary tract. A urologist is a physician who studies disorders of the kidneys, bladder, urethra, and male reproductive organs. A urologist diagnosis, treats, and manages urological disorders.
Neurology is the study of the nervous system, and involves the central and peripheral nervous system, and the diagnosis and treatment of a number of neurological or nerve disease processes and injuries.